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2 Analysis

2.1 Justice

2.1.2 Democracy and development

2.1.2.1 The United Nations - basic element of the international system

2.1.2.1.3 Special agencies

Sixteen further special agencies constitute an important pillar of the UN system. Unlike the special organs they are legally independent and dispose of a membership and a budget of their own.

The most important with regard to development and environment are the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO).

Two organisations have a very special status: the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank are formally part of the UN system. However, they act not only completely independent from the UN but have even much more influence in the international system than the UN, in particular vis à vis the South.

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