Programme of action of the Internatíonal conference on population and development - Chapter XV:* Partnership with the non-governmental sector - B. The private sector
Basis for action
15.13. The private, profit-oriented sector plays an important role in social
and economic development, including production and delivery of reproductive health-care
services and commodities, appropriate education and information relevant to population
and development programmes. In a growing number of countries, theprivate sector
has or is developing the financial, managerial and technological capacity to
carry out an array of population and development activities in a cost-efficient
and effective manner. This experience has laid the groundwork for useful partnershipswhich
the private sector can further develop and expand. Private-sector involvement
may assist or supplement but must not mitigate the responsibility of Governments
to provide full, safe and accessible reproductive health services to all people.
The private sector must also ensure that all population and development programmes,
with full respect for the various religious and ethical values and cultural backgrounds
of each country's people, adhere to basic rights recognized by the international
community and recalled in the present Programme of Action.
15.14. Another aspect of the private sector's role is its importance as a partner
for economic growth and sustainable development. Through its actions and attitudes,
the private sectorcan make a decisive impact on the quality of life of its employees and
often on large segments of society and their attitudes. Experience gained from
these programmes is useful to Governmentsand non-governmental organizations
alike in their ongoing effortsto find innovative ways of effectively involving
the private sector in population and development programmes. A growing consciousness of
corporate responsibilities increasingly is leading private-sector decision makers
to search for new ways in which for-profit entities can constructively work with
Governments and non-governmental organizations on population and sustainable development
issues. By acknowledging the contribution of the private sector, and by seeking
more programme areas for mutually beneficial cooperation, Governments and non-governmental organizations
alike may strengthen the efficiency of their population and development activities.
15.15. The objectives are:
- To strengthen the partnership between Governments, international organizations
and the private sector in identifying new areas of cooperation;
- To promote the role of the private sector in service delivery and in the
production and distribution, within each region of the world, of high- quality
reproductive health and family-planning commodities and contraceptives, which
are accessible and affordable to low-income sectors of the population.
15.16. Governments and non-governmental and international organizations should
intensify their cooperation with the private, for-profit sector in matters pertaining
to population and sustainable development in order to strengthen the contribution
ofthat sector in the implementation of population and development programmes,
including the production and delivery of quality contraceptive commodities and
services with appropriate information and education, in a socially responsible,
culturally sensitive, acceptable and cost-effective manner.
15.17. Non-profit and profit-oriented organizations and their networks should
develop mechanisms whereby they can exchange ideasand experiences in the population
and development fields with aview to sharing innovative approaches and research
and developmentinitiatives. The dissemination of information and research shouldbe
15.18. Governments are strongly encouraged to set standards forservice delivery
and review legal, regulatory and import policies to identify and eliminate those
policies that unnecessarily prevent or restrict the greater involvement of the
private sector inefficient production of commodities for reproductive health, including
family planning, and in service delivery. Governments, taking into account cultural
and social differences, should strongly encourage the private sector to meet
its responsibilities regarding consumer information dissemination.
15.19. The profit-oriented sector should consider how it might better assist
non-profit non-governmental organizations to play a wider role in society through
the enhancement or creation of suitable mechanisms to channel financial and other
appropriate support to non-governmental organizations and their associations.
15.20. Private-sector employers should continue to devise and implement special
programmes that help meet their employees' needs for information, education and
reproductive health services, and accommodate their employees' needs to combine
work and family responsibilities. Organized health-care providers and health insurers
should also continue to include family planning and reproductive health services
in the package of health benefits they provide.
* The Holy See expressed a general reservation on this chapter.
The reservation is to be interpreted in terms of the statement made by the representative
of the Holy See at the 14th plenary meeting, on 13 September 1994.