Chapter XIII: National action - A. National policies and plans of action
Basis for action
13.1. During the past few decades, considerable experience has been gained around
the world on how government policies and programmes can be designed and implemented
to address population and development concerns, enhance the choices of people
and contribute to broad social progress. As is the case with othersocial development
programmes, experience has also shown, in instances where the leadership is strongly
committed to economic growth, human resource development, gender equality and
equity and meeting the health needs of the population, in particular the reproductive
health needs, including family planning and sexual health, countries have been
able to mobilize sustained commitment at all levels to make population and development
programmes and projects successful.
13.2. While such success can be facilitated by developments in the overall
social and economic context, and by success in other development efforts, population
and development are intrinsically interrelated and progress in any component
can catalyse improvement in others. The many facets of population relate to many
facets of development. There is increased recognition of the need for countries
to consider migration impacts, internal and international, in developing their
relevant policies and programmes. There is also growing recognition that population-related
policies, plans, programmes and projects, to be sustainable, need to engage their
intended beneficiaries fully in their design and subsequent implementation.
13.3. The role of non-governmental organizations as partners innational policies
and programmes is increasingly recognized, as is the important role of the private
sector. Members of national legislatures can have a major role to play, especially
in enacting appropriate domestic legislation for implementing the presentProgramme
of Action, allocating appropriate financial resources, ensuring accountability
of expenditure and raising public awareness of population issues.
13.4. The objectives are:
- To incorporate population concerns in all relevantnational development
strategies, plans, policies and programmes;
- To foster active involvement of elected representatives of people, particularly
parliamentarians, concerned groups, especially at the grass-roots level, and
individuals, in formulating, implementing, monitoring and evaluating strategies,policies,
plans and programmes in the field of population and development.
13.5. Governments, with the active involvement of parliamentarians, locally
elected bodies, communities, the private sector, non-governmental organizations
and women's groups, should work to increase awareness of population and development
issues and formulate, implement and evaluate national strategies, policies, plans,
programmes and projects that address population and development issues, including
migration, as integral parts of their sectoral, intersectoral and overall development
planning and implementation process. They should also promote and work toensure
adequate human resources and institutions to coordinate and carry out the planning,
implementation, monitoring and evaluation of population and development activities.
13.6. Governments and parliamentarians, in collaboration with the international
community and non-governmental organizations, should make the necessary plans
in accordance with national concerns and priorities and take the actions required
to measure, assess, monitor and evaluate progress towards meeting the goals of
the present Programme of Action. In this connection, the active participation
of the private sector and the research community is to be encouraged.