II. The challenges we face - Threats to Peace
11. Over 100 wars, causing a vast toll of human lives, have been fought since
1945 in what is often wrongly called the "post-war" period. The massive arsenals
of nuclear, conventional and other weapons threaten the entire human race. Awareness
is growing that deterrence based upon weapons of mass destruction cannot be
relied upon to preserve peace. The continuing risk of failure is a sufficient
reason why the deterrence system must be overcome. Arms spending worldwide consumes
vast resources which are needed for development and the protection of the environment.
War and the threat of war are features even of the modern world. Prevention
of war is one of the most urgent political tasks for governments. National means
of defence cannot guarantee safety and security in the modern world; the institution
of war must be abolished. An international peace order is required.