Chapter II: The fruits of dialogue
41. What has been said above about ecumenical dialogue since the end of the
Council inspires us to give thanks to the Spirit of Truth promised by Christ
the Lord to the Apostles and the Church (cf. Jn 14:26). It is the first time
in history that efforts on behalf of Christian unity have taken on such great
proportions and have become so extensive. This is truly an immense gift of God,
one which deserves all our gratitude. From the fullness of Christ we receive
"grace upon grace" (Jn 1:16). An appreciation of how much God has
already given is the condition which disposes us to receive those gifts still
indispensable for bringing to completion the ecumenical work of unity.
An overall view of the last thirty years enables us better to appreciate many
of the fruits of this common conversion to the Gospel which the Spirit of God
has brought about by means of the ecumenical movement.
42. It happens for example that, in the spirit of the Sermon on the Mount,
Christians of one confession no longer consider other Christians as enemies
or strangers but see them as brothers and sisters. Again, the very expression
separated breth- ren tends to be replaced today by expressions which more readily
evoke the deep communion — linked to the baptismal character — which the Spirit
fosters in spite of historical and canonical divisions. Today we speak of "other
Christians", "others who have received Baptism", and "Chris-
tians of other Communities". The Directory for the Application of Principles
and Norms on Ecumenism refers to the Communities to which these Chris- tians
belong as "Churches and Ecclesial Communities that are not in full communion
with the Catholic Church". This broadening of vocabulary is indicative
of a significant change in attitudes. There is an increased awareness that we
all belong to Christ. I have personally been able many times to observe this
during the ecumenical celebrations which are an important part of my Apostolic
Vis- its to various parts of the world, and also in the meetings and ecumenical
celebrations which have taken place in Rome. The "universal brotherhood"
of Christians has become a firm ecumenical conviction. Consigning to oblivion
the excommunications of the past, Communities which were once rivals are now
in many cases helping one another: places of worship are sometimes lent out;
scholarships are offered for the training of minis- ters in the Communities
most lacking in resources; approaches are made to civil authorities on behalf
of other Christians who are unjustly persecuted; and the slander to which certain
groups are subjected is shown to be unfounded.
In a word, Christians have been converted to a fraternal charity which embraces
all Christ's disciples. If it happens that, as a result of violent political
disturbances, a certain aggressiveness or a spirit of vengeance appears, the
leaders of the parties in question generally work to make the "New Law"
of the spirit of charity prevail. Unfortunately, this spirit has not been able
to transform every situation where brutal conflict rages. In such circumstances
those committed to ecumenism are often required to make choices which are truly
It needs be reaffirmed in this regard that ac- knowledging our brotherhood
is not the consequence of a large-hearted philanthropy or a vague family spirit.
It is rooted in recognition of the oneness of Baptism and the subsequent duty
to glorify God in his work. The Directory for the Application of Principles
and Norms on Ecumenism express- es the hope that Baptisms will be mutually and
officially recognized. This is something much more than an act of ecumenical
courtesy; it constitutes a basic ecclesiological statement.
It is fitting to recall that the fundamental role of Baptism in building up
the Church has been clearly brought out thanks also to multilateral dialogues.