Declaration Toward a Global Ethic - The Principles of a Global Ethic - I. No new global order without a new global ethic
We women and men of various religions and regions of Earth therefore address
all people, religious and non- religious. We wish to express the following convictions
which we hold in common.
- We all have a responsibility for a better global order.
- Our involvement for the sake of human rights, freedom, justice, peace,
and the preservation of Earth is absolutely necessary.
- Our different religious and cultural traditions must not prevent our common
involvement in opposing all forms of inhumanity and working for greater humaneness.
- The principles expressed in this global ethic can be affirmed by all persons
with ethical convictions, whether religiously grounded or not.
As religious and spiritual persons we base our lives on an Ultimate Reality,
and draw spiritual power and hope therefrom, in trust, in prayer or meditation,
in word or silence. We have a special responsibility for the welfare of all
humanity and care for the planet Earth. We do not consider ourselves better
than other women and men, but we trust that the ancient wisdom of our religions
can point the way for the future.
After two world wars and the end of the cold war, the collapse of fascism and
nazism, the shaking to the foundations of communism and colonialism, humanity
has entered a new phase of its history. Today we possess sufficient economic,
cultural, and spiritual resources to introduce a better global order, but old
and new ethnic, national, social, economic, and religious tensions threaten
the peaceful building of a better world. We have experienced greater technological
progress than ever before, yet we see that world-wide poverty, hunger, death
of children, unemployment, misery, and the destruction of nature have not diminished
but rather have increased. Many peoples are threatened with economic ruin, social
disarray, political marginalization, ecological catastrophe, and moral collapse.
In such a dramatic global situation humanity needs a vision of peoples living
peacefully together, of ethnic and ethical groupings and of religions sharing
responsibility for the care of Earth. A vision rests on hopes, goals, ideals,
standards. But all over the world these have slipped from our hands. Yet we
are convinced that, despite their frequent abuses and failures, it is the communities
of faith who bear a responsibility to demonstrate that such hopes, ideals, and
standards can be guarded, grounded and lived. This is especially true in the
modern state. Guarantees of freedom of conscience and religion are necessary,
but they do not substitute for binding values, convictions, and norms which
are valid for all humans regardless of their social origin, sex, skin colour,
language, or religion.
We are convinced of the fundamental unity of the human family on Earth. We
recall the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations.
What it formally proclaimed on the level of rights we wish to confirm and deepen
here from the perspective of an ethic: the full realization of the intrinsic
dignity of the human person, the inalienable freedom and equality in principle
of all humans, and the necessary solidarity and interdependence of all humans
with each other.
On the basis of personal experiences and the burden-some history of our planet
we have learned
- that a better global order cannot be created or enforced by laws, prescriptions,
and conventions alone;
- that the realization of peace, justice, and the protection of earth depends
on the insight and readiness of men and women to act justly;
- that action in favour of rights and freedoms presumes a consciousness of
responsibility and duty, and that therefore both the minds and hearts of women
and men must be addressed;
- that rights without morality cannot long endure, and that there will be
no better global order without a global ethic.
By a global ethic we do not mean a global ideology or a single unified religion
beyond all existing religions, and certainly not the domination of one religion
over all others. By a global ethic we mean a fundamental consensus on binding
values, irrevocable standards, and personal attitudes. Without such a fundamental
consensus on an ethic, sooner or later every community will be threatened by
chaos or dictatorship, and individuals will despair.